Lamentation over Tyre

The word of the Lord came to me: “Now you, son of man, raise a lamentation over Tyre, and say to Tyre, who dwells at the entrance to the sea, merchant of the peoples on many coastlands, thus says the Lord God:

“O Tyre, you have said,

‘I am perfect in beauty.’

Your borders are in the heart of the seas;

your builders made perfect your beauty.

They made all your planks

of fir trees from Senir;

they took a cedar from Lebanon

to make a mast for you.

Of oaks of Bashan

they made your oars;

they made your deck of pines

from the coasts of Cyprus,

inlaid with ivory.

Of fine embroidered linen from Egypt

was your sail,

serving as your ensign;

blue and purple from the coasts of Eli′shah

was your awning.

The inhabitants of Sidon and Arvad

were your rowers;

skilled men of Zemer[a] were in you,

they were your pilots.

The elders of Gebal and her skilled men were in you,

caulking your seams;

all the ships of the sea with their mariners were in you,

to barter for your wares.

10 “Persia and Lud and Put were in your army as your men of war; they hung the shield and helmet in you; they gave you splendor. 11 The men of Arvad and Helech[b] were upon your walls round about, and men of Gamad were in your towers; they hung their shields upon your walls round about; they made perfect your beauty.

12 “Tarshish trafficked with you because of your great wealth of every kind; silver, iron, tin, and lead they exchanged for your wares. 13 Javan, Tubal, and Meshech traded with you; they exchanged the persons of men and vessels of bronze for your merchandise. 14 Beth-togar′mah exchanged for your wares horses, war horses, and mules. 15 The men of Rhodes[c] traded with you; many coastlands were your own special markets, they brought you in payment ivory tusks and ebony. 16 Edom[d] trafficked with you because of your abundant goods; they exchanged for your wares emeralds, purple, embroidered work, fine linen, coral, and agate. 17 Judah and the land of Israel traded with you; they exchanged for your merchandise wheat, olives and early figs,[e] honey, oil, and balm. 18 Damascus trafficked with you for your abundant goods, because of your great wealth of every kind; wine of Helbon, and white wool, 19 and wine[f] from Uzal they exchanged for your wares; wrought iron, cassia, and calamus were bartered for your merchandise. 20 Dedan traded with you in saddlecloths for riding. 21 Arabia and all the princes of Kedar were your favored dealers in lambs, rams, and goats; in these they trafficked with you. 22 The traders of Sheba and Ra′amah traded with you; they exchanged for your wares the best of all kinds of spices, and all precious stones, and gold. 23 Haran, Canneh, Eden,[g] Asshur, and Chilmad traded with you. 24 These traded with you in choice garments, in clothes of blue and embroidered work, and in carpets of colored stuff, bound with cords and made secure; in these they traded with you.[h] 25 The ships of Tarshish traveled for you with your merchandise.[i]

“So you were filled and heavily laden

in the heart of the seas.

26 Your rowers have brought you out

into the high seas.

The east wind has wrecked you

in the heart of the seas.

27 Your riches, your wares, your merchandise,

your mariners and your pilots,

your caulkers, your dealers in merchandise,

and all your men of war who are in you,

with all your company

that is in your midst,

sink into the heart of the seas

on the day of your ruin.

28 At the sound of the cry of your pilots

the countryside shakes,

29 and down from their ships

come all that handle the oar.

The mariners and all the pilots of the sea

stand on the shore

30 and wail aloud over you,

and cry bitterly.

They cast dust on their heads

and wallow in ashes;

31 they make themselves bald for you,

and gird themselves with sackcloth,

and they weep over you in bitterness of soul,

with bitter mourning.

32 In their wailing they raise a lamentation for you,

and lament over you:

‘Who was ever destroyed[j] like Tyre

in the midst of the sea?

33 When your wares came from the seas,

you satisfied many peoples;

with your abundant wealth and merchandise

you enriched the kings of the earth.

34 Now you are wrecked by the seas,

in the depths of the waters;

your merchandise and all your crew

have sunk with you.

35 All the inhabitants of the coastlands

are appalled at you;

and their kings are horribly afraid,

their faces are convulsed.

36 The merchants among the peoples hiss at you;

you have come to a dreadful end

and shall be no more for ever.’”


  1. Ezekiel 27:8 Compare Gen 10.18: Heb your skilled men, O Tyre
  2. Ezekiel 27:11 Or and your army
  3. Ezekiel 27:15 Gk: Heb Dedan
  4. Ezekiel 27:16 Another reading is Aram
  5. Ezekiel 27:17 Cn: Heb wheat of minnith and pannag
  6. Ezekiel 27:19 Gk: Heb Vedan and Javan
  7. Ezekiel 27:23 Cn: Heb Eden the traders of Sheba
  8. Ezekiel 27:24 Cn: Heb in your market
  9. Ezekiel 27:25 Cn: Heb your travelers your merchandise
  10. Ezekiel 27:32 Tg Vg: Heb like silence